Archives for the month of: August, 2019

Lesson No 4

By the end of this period, most babies have reached the following milestones:

Motor Skills
 Rolls over both ways (stomach to back, back to stomach)

 Sits up with, and then without, support of his hands

 Reaches for object with one hand using the raking grasp

 Transfers objects from hand to hand

 Supports whole weight when on legs and held upright

 Explores objects with hands and mouth

 Explores objects by banging and shaking

Language Skills

 Laughs  Babbles consonants (like ba-ba-ba-ba-ba)

Social/Emotional Skills

 Distinguishes emotions by tone of voice

 Finds partially hidden objects

Lesson No 3.
We start on a New Milestone Today; 4 to 7 months.

From 4-7 months of age, babies learn to coordinate their new perceptive abilities (including vision, touch, and hearing) and motor skills such as grasping, rolling over, sitting up, and may be even crawling. Babies now have more control over what they will or will not do, unlike earlier months in which they mainly reacted by reflex. Babies will explore toys by touching them and putting them in their mouths instead of just looking at them. They can also communicate better and will do more than simply cry when they are hungry or tired or when they want a change in activity or a different toy.
By this time, babies have developed a strong attachment for their parents, and they may show a preference for their primary caretakers; however, babies at this age usually smile and play with everyone they meet. Many children at about 5-6 months of age demonstrate stranger anxiety and may show displeasure if taken away from a parent.
Once babies can lift up their heads, they’ll push up using their arms and arch their back to lift up the chest. These movements help strengthen the upper body and are in preparation for sitting up. They may also rock while on their stomachs, kick their legs, and swim with their arms. These movements are necessary for rolling over and crawling. By the end of this period, babies should be able to roll over from stomach to back and back to stomach and maybe are able to sit without any support.
By age 4 months, babies can easily bring toys to their mouth. They use their fingers and thumb in a claw-like grip to pick up objects. Because at this age babies will instinctively explore objects by putting them in their mouths, it is important to keep small objects out of reach to prevent accidental swallowing. By age 6-8 months, they can transfer objects from hand to hand, turn them from side to side, and twist them upside down. Babies also discover their feet and toes during this stage.
Babies’ broadening range of vision is apparent as they concentrate and focus on objects and follow movements. Babies at this age like increasingly complex patterns and
shapes. They also like looking at themselves in a mirror. They continue to babble, but now they raise and lower their voices as if asking a question or making a statement.

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Lesson No 2. Baby Milestones.
In our last lesson, we explained what the 1 to 3 months is all about.
Today we list the skills the baby is expected to have achieved.

Motor Skills
 Supports the head and upper body when on stomach
 Stretches out legs and kick when on stomach or back
 Opens and shut hands  Brings hands to mouth  Grabs and shakes hand toys  Swipes and bats at dangling objects
 Pushes down legs when on a flat surface
 Follows moving objects with eyes
 Turning their head to face the stimulus

Language Skills
 Makes cooing sounds
Social/Emotional Skills
 Smiles at familiar faces
 Enjoys playing with other people.

In our next lesson, we will cover the next milestone.
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Today we start on our first topic on Childcare. As a mum, it is very important that you become aware of these milestones. By so doing you are also able to teach your baby minder about the milestones and what is expected out them. You can share the lessons with your baby minder because the information is better when shared hey. Our first milestone is 1 to 3 months.
At 1-3 months of age, babies begin the transformation from being a totally dependent newborn to becoming an active and responsive infant. Many of the newborn reflexes are lost by this age. A baby’s vision changes dramatically; s/he becomes more aware and interested in his/her surroundings. The human face becomes more interesting, as do bright, primary-colored objects. A baby might follow a moving object, recognize familiar things and people at a distance, and start using his/her hands and eyes in coordination. At this age, babies usually turn toward familiar voices and smile at their parent’s faces or other familiar faces. They also begin to coo (make musical vowel sounds, such as ooo or aaa). The neck muscles become stronger during these first few months. At first, babies can only hold their heads up for a couple of seconds while on their stomachs. The muscles are strengthened each time the head is held up. By 3 months of age, babies lying on their stomachs can support their heads and chests up to their forearms. Arm and hand movement develops fast during this stage. What was once a tight, clenched fist is now an open hand grabbing and batting at objects. Babies explore their hands by bringing them in front of their face and putting them in their mouths.
For our next lesson, we will share the baby’s skills at 1 to 3 months.